MADISON, Wis.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Recently published results from an evaluation of 1,065 chemical and drug substances using the devTOX quickPredict (devTOXqP) screening platform developed by Stemina Biomarker Discovery, Inc. demonstrated the platform’s ability to predict developmental toxicity in humans with high accuracy using a cell-based test. In a peer-reviewed article published in Toxicological Sciences, scientists from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) reported that Stemina’s devTOXqP test predicted the potential for developmental toxicity in a blinded set of chemicals and drugs from the agency’s ToxCast™ program with an accuracy of 82%, where there was clear evidence of toxicity in humans or in animal studies. The agency’s research suggests that devTOXqP is a useful tool for predicting developmental toxicants in humans and reducing the need for animal testing.
“Through this EPA research, the devTOXqP test demonstrated its potential to detect developmental toxicity across a wide variety of chemicals and pharmaceutical compounds,” said Elizabeth Donley, J.D., M.B.A., M.S., chief executive officer of Stemina. “In addition to helping meet the EPA’s goal of reducing the use of animals in testing chemicals, devTOXqP offers the only species-specific, commercially available platform for evaluating a drug or chemical’s potential to cause birth defects in the developing human embryo. We believe this test fits well into global initiatives such as Tox21 and REACH that are seeking to reduce and refine the number of animals used for toxicity testing.”
The potential of chemical substances to cause prenatal developmental toxicity is commonly assessed based on observations of fetal malformations and variations in rodent or rabbit studies. Such animal studies are costly, resource-intensive, and the results seen in one species often differ from those seen in other species or from those that might be relevant in humans. Some of the most promising non-animal testing alternatives make use of the self-organizing potential of embryonic stem cells to recapitulate developmental processes that may be sensitive to chemical exposure. The Stemina devTOXqP test uses human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) or human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to predict developmental toxicity based on changes in cellular metabolism following drug or chemical exposure. The iPSC is a reprogrammed cell that is able to recapitulate development into all cell types like hESCs but does not come from an embryo.
In the EPA study, 1,065 ToxCast chemicals were first screened in single-concentration for the targeted biomarkers, the ratio of the amino acids ornithine (ORN) to cystine (CYSS), in response to the tested compound. Of the screened chemicals, 17% were predicted by the Stemina assay to cause developmental toxicity. These compounds were then tested at eight concentrations in the devTOXqP test to determine the exposure level at which the compound was considered to be toxic. The assay performance reached 82% accuracy with 67% sensitivity and 84% specificity. The sensitivity of the assay improved when more stringent evidence of toxicity was applied to the animal studies. Statistical analysis of the most potent chemical hits on specific biochemical targets in ToxCast provided insights into the mechanistic underpinnings of the targeted endpoint of the devTOXqP platform. The researchers found that an imbalance in Ornithine/Cystine was highly predictive of a chemical’s potential to disrupt the development of an embryo or fetus, halting the pregnancy or producing birth defects.
“The extensive nature of this research helps to define the applicability domain of the test – in other words, where does it perform well and where will it need to be paired with other endpoints to generate a better understanding of the potential to cause birth defects,” said Jessica Palmer, M.S., associate director of toxicology at Stemina. “This is just the first step in our longer-term goal of moving away from a reliance on animal tests to predict human response and provides a foundation for building integrated testing systems focused on human cells.”
“To address concerns about the effects of drugs and chemicals on our health, we need more human-relevant methods to assess toxicity,” said Kristie Sullivan, M.P.H., vice president for research policy at the Physician’s Committee for Responsible Medicine. “We encourage regulatory agencies and companies to consider how the devTOXqP test can improve safety and help reduce animal testing.”
The publication titled, Profiling the ToxCast library with a pluripotent human (H9) stem cell line-based biomarker assay for developmental toxicity, can be accessed at: https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfaa014.
About EPA ToxCast™ Program
EPA ToxCast™ Program is developing approaches to predict chemical toxicity using data from high-throughput and high content in vitro assays. The goal of ToxCast™ is to develop and verify “toxicity signatures,” which are algorithms using in vitro and in silico data to predict in vivo toxicities. ToxCast™ has data for approximately 1,800 chemicals from a broad range of sources including industrial and consumer products, environmental chemicals, and pharmaceutical compounds. More information available here.
About the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine
Founded in 1985, the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine is a nonprofit organization that promotes preventive medicine, conducts clinical research, and encourages higher standards for ethics and effectiveness in research. www.pcrm.org
About Stemina Biomarker Discovery, Inc.
Stemina Biomarker Discovery is a privately held company focused on the discovery, development and commercialization of molecular biomarkers to improve drug safety and human health. The company’s cell-based assays use two innovative technologies: human stem cells and metabolomics. Stemina uses mass spectrometry to analyze the small molecules secreted by human stem cells in response to drugs or chemicals, injury, or disease. The company also uses differentiated human cells in its screens, like heart or neural cells made from human stem cells. The company’s first commercial product, devTOX Discovery, launched in 2009, uses human stem cells to screen drug candidates, chemicals, consumer products and cosmetics for their potential effect on the developing human embryo. Subsequently launched drug screening programs, including devTOX quickPredict and Cardio quickPredict, continue the idea of bringing stem cell biology and metabolomics together for biomarker discovery and toxicity screening. For more information, please visit our website at http://www.stemina.com.